Depression – The Basics
Depression is a word used in everyday language that describes several different feelings and emotions, including sadness, disappointment, and a lack of energy. In clinical practice, the term Depression or Major Depression differs from the regular definition. Clinical depression is more intense and often interferes with an individual’s daily functioning. Depression can affect up to 1 in 4 people in their lifetime.
Individuals experiencing depression may find it helpful to engage with a depression psychologist in Melbourne.
Depression is essentially a collection of behaviors and feelings that can be used to describe a range of different symptoms. One of the most recognizable symptoms of depression is a ‘low’ mood that lasts for at least two weeks. The experience of a low mood can last a whole day, with occasional ebbs and flows.
Individuals who are depressed tend to see themselves in a negative light, they can feel hopeless, guilty, and blame themselves for everything. Interpersonal relationships may be affected because depression can generally make an individual very unhappy in their lives.
Some of the most common physical symptoms of depression are changed sleeping patterns, decreased appetite, and weight loss decreased sexual drive, and lower energy levels.
There are many factors that cause depression, and the two most common are biological and psychological factors.
When it comes to biological factors, inheritance is one of the most important aspects. An individual might experience an over or under-production of particular hormones and/or chemicals, which can be linked to some symptoms.
When it comes to psychological factors, there are certain thinking patterns that are associated with depressive symptoms, including, ruminations, overthinking, and the influence of negative core beliefs from previous experiences. When an individual doesn’t achieve their goals such as getting a particular job, getting perfect grades, etc. this might activate negative core beliefs which can start a cascade of symptoms.
Significant loss can be another factor that triggers or deepens depression.
Depression can cause low energy, fatigue, and decreased interest in activities, which leads to decreased activity and the neglect of responsibilities. These symptoms can lead to an increase in guilt and hopelessness, which in turn exacerbates the depressive state.
The cycle of depression can be difficult to address, as symptoms can influence one another, but this cycle is possible to recover from. One way to start is to become more active as this has a number of advantages and is typically the easiest way to start. Becoming more active can help individuals feel better because it helps to retrain focus and can produce a sense of moving forward and taking control of one’s life.
Consulting with a depression focused psychologist in Melbourne may help individuals who are experiencing symptoms of depression.